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Tuesday, May 16, 2017

An Executive Guide to Machine Learning

Good,  well written, non-technical, also a bit dated (from mid 2015)  as to current influences this tech is having.  An executive's view, with a number of useful points.  From McKinsey quarterly.   Via DSC.

An executive’s guide to machine learning
By Dorian Pyle and Cristina San Jose

It’s no longer the preserve of artificial-intelligence researchers and born-digital companies like Amazon, Google, and Netflix.

Machine learning is based on algorithms that can learn from data without relying on rules-based programming. It came into its own as a scientific discipline in the late 1990s as steady advances in digitization and cheap computing power enabled data scientists to stop building finished models and instead train computers to do so. The unmanageable volume and complexity of the big data that the world is now swimming in have increased the potential of machine learning—and the need for it.

In 2007 Fei-Fei Li, the head of Stanford’s Artificial Intelligence Lab, gave up trying to program computers to recognize objects and began labeling the millions of raw images that a child might encounter by age three and feeding them to computers. By being shown thousands and thousands of labeled data sets with instances of, say, a cat, the machine could shape its own rules for deciding whether a particular set of digital pixels was, in fact, a cat.1 Last November, Li’s team unveiled a program that identifies the visual elements of any picture with a high degree of accuracy. IBM’s Watson machine relied on a similar self-generated scoring system among hundreds of potential answers to crush the world’s best Jeopardy! players in 2011. .... " 

(Update)  Forbes has something similar:
What Is Machine Learning - A Complete Beginner's Guide In 2017 
by Bernard Marr

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