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Tuesday, September 14, 2021

Seeing the way we do

New ways of perceptive seeing, now with Texture and Shape

GLOM: Teaching Computers to See the Way(s) We Do  By John Delaney,  Commissioned by CACM Staff   September 14, 2021

At the virtual Collision technology  earlier this year deep learning pioneer Geoffrey Hinton explained how he conceived of a new type of neural network that, he said, would be able to perceive things the way people do.

Hinton, an emeritus distinguished professor in the department of computer science of the Faculty of Arts & Science at Canada's University of Toronto, and also an Engineering Fellow at Google, is responsible for some of the biggest breakthroughs in deep learning and neural networks. He was honored as co-recipient of the 2018 ACM A.M. Turing Award, along with Yoshua Bengio and Yann LeCun, for conceptual and engineering breakthroughs that have made deep neural networks a critical component of modern computing.

In Hinton's Collision talk, he pointed out that the representations used by most neural networks performing object classification are produced by convolutional neural networks, which work well at classifying objects such as images or words, even winning competitions such as the ImageNet Large Scale Visual Recognition Challenge, but they perceive images in a very different way than people do, which can sometimes lead to "crazy errors."

"They use lots of texture information, which people are insensitive to," Hinton said, "but they fail to use a lot of shape information, which people are very sensitive to."  .... '

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