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Wednesday, May 17, 2023

Watch 44 million atoms simulated using AI and a supercomputer

 AI Simulating

Watch 44 million atoms simulated using AI and a supercomputer   

This simulation models a huge number of atoms in detail with the help of artificial intelligence

By Alex Wilkins, 16 May 2023  in New Scientist

The most accurate simulation of objects made from tens of millions of atoms has been run on one the world’s top supercomputers with the help of artificial intelligence.

Existing simulations that describe in detail how atoms behave, interact and evolve are limited to small molecules, because of the computational power needed. There are techniques to simulate much larger numbers of atoms through time, but these rely on approximations and aren’t accurate enough to extract many detailed features of the molecule in question.

Now, Boris Kozinsky at Harvard University and his colleagues have developed a tool, called Allegro, that can accurately simulate systems with tens of millions of atoms using artificial intelligence.

Kozinsky and his team used the world’s 8th most powerful supercomputer, Perlmutter, to simulate the 44 million atoms involved in the protein shell of HIV. They also simulated other common biological molecules such as cellulose, a protein missing in people with haemophilia and a widespread tobacco plant virus.

“Anything that’s essentially made out of atoms, you can simulate with these methods at extremely high accuracy, and now also at large scale,” says Kozinsky. “This is one demonstration, but by no means constrained to this domain.” The system could also be used for many problems in materials science, such as investigating batteries, catalysis and semiconductors, he says.

To be able to simulate such large numbers of particles, the researchers used a kind of AI called a neural network to calculate interactions between atoms that were symmetrical from every angle, a principle called equivariance.  ...' 

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