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Friday, October 05, 2018

Difficulties in Commonsense Reasoning

Abstract of good overview survey paper.

Commonsense Reasoning and Commonsense Knowledge in Artificial Intelligence   By Ernest Davis, Gary Marcus

Communications of the ACM, September 2015, Vol. 58 No. 9, Pages 92-103  10.1145/2701413

 ... discuss the shortcomings of AI systems and "Commonsense Reasoning and Commonsense Knowledge in Artificial Intelligence" (cacm.acm.org/magazines/2015/9/191169), their Review Article in the September 2015 Communications of the ACM.     https://vimeo.com/134965536

" ... To achieve human-level performance  in domains such as natural language processing, vision, and robotics, basic knowledge of the commonsense world—  time, space, physical interactions, people, and so on—will be necessary. 

Although a few forms of commonsense  reasoning, such as taxonomic reasoning  and temporal reasoning are well understood, progress has been slow. 

Extant techniques for implementing  commonsense include logical analysis,  handcrafting large knowledge bases,  Web mining, and crowdsourcing. Each of  these is valuable, but none by itself is a full solution. 

Intelligent machines need not replicate  human cognition directly, but a better  understanding of human commonsense  might be a good to start.  ... "

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