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Friday, February 12, 2016

Watson Analytics for Superbowl Front Office Data Analysis

Good, fairly simple example of the automation of analytics.  Here using Watson analytics.  With commonly used exploratory goals.   Explore it for free:

In Business Insider:
" ... In order to help sports fans get started, IBM uploaded a slew of offensive statistics from the 2014 NFL season (provided by SportsData LLC) into its database. For instructions and a demo of what you can do with NFL stats in Watson Analytics, visit the Watson Analytics Storybook.

From there, fans can explore data visualizations of how certain trends played out during the season — like a weekly breakdown of interceptions thrown by the home and visiting teams — and even ask the system predictive questions like, "Which factors lead to rushing touchdowns?" .... " 

K Nearest Neighbor Using Python

Good instructional piece for a common kind of machine learning. Clustering.  Easier to do in R, but the comparison is also very useful. In DSC:   K-nearest neighbor algorithm using Python  Posted by Laetitia Van Cauwenberge

Thursday, February 11, 2016

Beyond Automation

Talk today by Tom Davenport:  In particular how can we look at the current influence of cognitive/AI in the workplace? ... “Beyond Automation: Smart Machines + Smart People”, where he talks about some of the material in his forthcoming book,  which I will further review here.   See also his HBR article " Beyond Automation".  

Slides here.    Talk recording here.

Model Discovery, Process Mining with Fluxicon

This software, Fluxicon Disco, was new to me.  Described in KDNuggets.   I recall doing something similar in R, but this appears to cover the whole realm of process flow modeling.    Discovers a model from data, as opposed to BPM which, has you create the model.  No Freemium tests of software?

  " ... Process mining can analyze your process in a bottom-up fashion. You don't need to have a model of your process to analyze it — Process mining uses the history data in your IT systems.

Your IT system already records all steps of your process in execution. With process mining, you get a process model from these data. This way, your real process, and actual business rules, can be discovered automatically. ... "

Crowdoscope from Unilever

Of interest is the involvement of the CPG giant Unilever.  A data source, likely linked to real time analytics.

Crowdoscope – a breakthrough survey and discussion tool developed by Unilever and Silverman Research.
  
Silverman Research today announced the release of Crowdoscope, an entirely new type of survey and discussion tool designed to obtain real-time social collective intelligence. Developed in partnership with Unilever, Crowdoscope is a self-organising visual environment that has been carefully designed to support group interaction and extract insight.   ....  "

Stories can be Dangerous

Have been always intrigued by storytelling, establishing a narrative, as a powerful way to convince, to advertise, to market.  It also a way to convert your analytics, your data, your trends, your discovered patterns into convincing arguments.  Lots in the press today about that.

But ... Its also a way to deceive.  To introduce bias.  Have seen that.   That's why I prefer providing a user with an answer, plus the ability to interact with that answer.  To test it in application.

This piece, on detecting lies (bias?)  You can create bias in yourself.  Led me to these thoughts:

From Eric Barker's Barking up the Wrong Tree
... " 4) Stories Are Dangerous
When people tell us stories we tend to let our guard down. We don’t think we’re being “sold” on something, so we tend to go along for the ride. We quietly lose motivation to detect lies.

This is a mistake because research shows stories are actually the most powerful way to deceive and to get you to change your mind. ...  "   (More follows) 

Kognit for Mixed Reality

Brought to my attention, understanding the limits of cognition and how it can be augmented with accessory augmentation.  Note the use of the term: 'Mixed Reality'

Cognitive Models and Mixed Reality for Dementia Patients
In Kognit (2014-2015), we enter the mixed reality realm for helping dementia patients. Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life. Memory loss is an example. Alzheimer's is the most common type of dementia. Mixed reality refers to the merging of real and virtual worlds to produce new episodic memory visualisations where physical and digital objects co-exist and interact in real-time. Cognitive models are approximations of a patient's mental abilities and limitations involving conscious mental activities (such as thinking, understanding, learning, and remembering). We are concerned with fundamental research in coupling artificial intelligence based situation awareness with augmented cognition for the patient. ... "

Wednesday, February 10, 2016

Machine Intelligence in the Workplace

From the Cisco Blog:  Some interesting thoughts on intelligence and an interview with Marvin Minsky.   I like the comment about Minsky saying big business is stalling progress: But I don't recall him not willing to take the money of business.  Sure there are different goals, challenges and methods.  Governance is also very different.   But we funded him and many AI enterprises of the time.

Rowan Trollope writes:
" ... As an inventor and engineer myself, I get it. Big business can get in the way of good science. But it doesn’t have to be that way. I joined Cisco because I felt that solving some of these very hard problems would be easiest from inside a company with both tremendous resources and a passion for innovation. Resources and passion for innovation are the key words. Three years later, my experience here proves that hypothesis right. We are using our resources and our commitment to solve some hard problems. Others are too; I am impressed by the real progress in Machine Intelligence made at the likes of Google and Facebook, Apple and even IBM. ...  " 

Pinterist Leveraging Deep Learning AI

How Pinterest can better leverage its content
Had thought there was some opening for interesting deep learning based image understanding in Pinterest.   To direct our online shopping?  Will these systems be able to understand the subtleties of these images?  Is the image then the  thing?   ...   " ... Pinterest is about to launch an AI tool that will make online shopping a lot easier ... " .  In RightRelevance.

Rethinking BYOD

Recently experienced aspects of BYOD in the enterprise, so this is interesting.   True you can now use your smart phone there,   But do expect that the enterprise will reach into your devices to secure them in unexpected ways.  For example, in my case automated backups were stopped.   So the personal part of my smartphone was thus put in jeopardy.  Ultimately I had to go to a two phone system.    More in ArsTechnica.

Re Emergence of AI in the Enterprise

Seeing this directly and also through increasing queries about what to do next to play.  Good overview.

Artificial intelligence in the enterprise: It’s on  
Companies as diverse as Pitney Bowes, General Electric and Twitter are taking the plunge into machine learning. Here’s why.  ,,, 

Tuesday, February 09, 2016

Gamifying in the Lumberyard

One of the reasons that gamification is hard to do is that good, engaging games are hard to develop.   Thus expensive to create and test and adapt.  

This prevented us from adequately testing and delivering the idea.   Announced today,  the Beta AWS system Lumberyard   Free, cross platform and open source.   Can imagine this would have made the construction of such systems much easier.

I can also see this as enabling some kinds of analytic systems where humans need to be integrated with algorithmic systems that drive the 'game'.  Simulations and agent models come to mind.  Does this provide the Cognitive engagement engine for these models?    Ideas?

" ... Amazon Lumberyard is a free AAA game engine deeply integrated with AWS and Twitch – with full source.   ...  Amazon Lumberyard is a free, cross-platform, 3D game engine for you to create the highest-quality games, connect your games to the vast compute and storage of the AWS Cloud, and engage fans on Twitch.

By starting game projects with Lumberyard, you can spend more of your time creating great gameplay and building communities of fans, and less time on the undifferentiated heavy lifting of building a game engine and managing server infrastructure. ... " 

See also their Gamedev blog      

Supply Chain Management Priorities

In the APQC Blog:  Not unexpected view This is a survey to look at expectations.  I would have further looked at expectations that technologies, like the internet of things, might influence the supply chain.

Goals for Thermostats in the Smart Home

In the midst of putting together a 'practical smart home'.  We experimented with this idea at the innovation centers from 2000 on,  and I demonstrated the idea to many people, but always with quite a bit of skepticism.   Is the time now right?  Is this the showplace of the IOT?  Are there the right kinds of interconnectivity? The right kind of goals?     In the CACM:  on Thermostats.  

" ... University of Southampton researchers have developed a prototype "smart" thermostat, which enables users to control their heating based on the price they want to pay rather than setting it by temperature alone.

The researchers produced three different smart thermostats that automated heating based on users' preferences and real-time price variations. One of the thermostats enables users to explicitly specify how the heating should respond to price changes. The two other thermostats are learning-based models, which use artificial intelligence to automate the temperature settings based on learned household preferences. ... " 

Tom Davenport: Beyond Automation CSI Talk

" ... Cognitive Systems Institute Group Speaker Series call this week, on Thursday, February 11, 2016 at 10:30 am ET (7:30 am PT).  Our presenter on Thursday will be Tom Davenport, Distinguished Professor at Babson College and author, will be presenting:  “Beyond Automation: Smart Machines + Smart People.”     I hope you will join the call.

Please point your web browser to https://apps.na.collabserv.com/meetings/join?id=2894-8491password=cognitive.   Use audio on computer or dial 855-233-7153 in the US (other countries numbershere) PIN Code: 43179788   Non-IBMers, please use the "guest" option rather than entering your email on the opening page.   ....  

We encourage those who join the calls to add questions and comments to the https://www.linkedin.com/groups/Cognitive-Systems-Institute-6729452 on LinkedIn and we ask that you ask questions at the end of the call. ....  " 

A Look at Less well Known Visual Tools

Visualization is a key way to understand your data.   I believe it is the key first step to any analytics problem.  Here a look at a number of tools, many of which I have not worked with. Worth knowing the landscape.

Showing Computers a Better Way to Learn

Interesting view.    Still think there is a big gap understanding the hardware, software and algorithms used by the brain.  Yet this is a good first step, accurately knowing what happens in a given context. And learning is only a part of doing something.

Power of How to Videos

Google on how to videos, pitching YouTube, with as always,  interesting stats.  I remember the family using a 'how to tie a necktie' in the early days of the Web, left a lasting impression.

" ... For big projects and small fixes, people look for how-to videos on YouTube, increasingly on mobile. Of smartphone users, 91% turn to their devices for ideas while completing a task. See how brands like Home Depot and M·A·C are using mobile video to reach people in these 'I-want-to-do' micro-moments. ...  " 

Monday, February 08, 2016

L'Oreal and Programmatic Digital Advertising

We did early work in this area.  By analytically matching advertising to predicted outcomes based on costs.   Essentially a big data optimization problem.   This worked for about a decade, but eventually the idea was outsourced.   We are now in different times, especially with regard to the amount of data we have.   In Adage:

L'Oreal USA Looks to Bring Programmatic Trading In-House
Beauty Giant Would Follow P&G and Others Amid Industry Concerns

L'Oreal USA looks to be the latest big marketer set to bring programmatic digital trading in house, soon after concluding its North American media review.

The company has posted a job listing for an assistant VP of Precision Advertising Information Technology with experience overseeing data management platforms and demand-side platforms used to build in-house trading desks. The person is to work with the company's chief marketing officer team and brand media leaders to identify "which platforms will be trialed and then scaled for broad use to achieve precision buying and tracking of media buys." .... ' 

See the programmatic ad buying tag below for much more.

Deepmind Navigates a 3D Maze

In CACM:    Pointing to an article in New Scientist:  " ... Google DeepMind just entered the 90s. Fresh off their success in playing the ancient game of Go, DeepMind’s latest artificial intelligence can navigate a 3D maze reminiscent of the 1993 shooter game Doom. .... " 

Is a maze similar to a business process?   Observe, advance, measure, correct ...

Algorithms and Amazon Workers

In the BBC:  Am particularly interested in how algorithms and workers interact.     There has always been an interpretation of the results provided by computing, even close loop systems, like those in process control.  What will this be like when the interaction looks more like a continuous, learning conversation?

Sunday, February 07, 2016

Artificial Intelligence in Business

 Some statistics about the re-emergence of AI in Business.   As pioneers of the use of AI in business, we have also started to see many queries asking:  Is this the time to restart our efforts here?  Why, How, with whom?  All still not have obvious answers, but it is time to think this through.  Two additional angles are now essential:   The inclusion of corporate data that links directly to decision making.   And the use of Cognitive interaction with both customers and internal decision makers. Bring it on.

(CustomerThink)  " .. There was more than $300 million in venture capital invested in AI startups in 2014, a 300% increase over the year before. (Bloomberg)

By 2020, 85% of customer interactions will be managed without a human. (Gartner) 

32% of executives say voice recognition is the most-widely used AI technology in their business. (Narrative Science)

By 2018, six billion connected devices will proactively ask for support. (Gartner) ..... (more) .... " 

SAP Testing Data Viz at Superbowl

In InformationWeek:  SAP Uses Super Bowl 50 To Test Data Visualization, UX ... SAP's Fan Energy Zone in San Francisco's Super Bowl 50 celebrations is a giant test case in how users create, share, and process data in real-time. ....  "

Microsoft to buy Swiftkey

In Fortune:  When I first read this, I remembered seeing Swiftkey demonstrated.  Though I never had it on one of my own devices, the aha came quickly.  Quickly matching key patterns to retrieve used words.  Now where else could that be used?  One of those embedded AI era developed things we forget about.   Instructive to see where this will go,

Saturday, February 06, 2016

Hidden Science Behind Superbowl Ads. Neuroscience?

In Adage:  Lots about behavioral science to understand top ads, but no mention of neuroscience. Consumer behavior is different than neural behavior.   Recall that in past years I have mentioned some of the neuromarketing techniques used to analyze superbowl ads.  (See the Superbowl link below)   I even did secondary analysis of that data.  Does this mean that neuromarketing is fading?

Hololens Competition

Always want to see real commercial and industrial applications of augmented (now being called mixed reality) applications.   Here the results of an App competition.  Still a bit disappointing, more art than industry.   What gets me to wear it, use it.   Beyond the novelty?

Making and Flying Complex Devices

A new jet engine takes a certification flight. Article in GE's Bikeshop.  My new experiences show how complex the development, delivery and use of a jet engines can be.   New kinds of analytics and data management are essential.   As they say, to get up in the air and to your destination, and safely down again. 

Brains Showing Way to Machine Learning

In Technology Review.  Taking more hints from nature.  Although I disagree that its a complete way to do computer programming.   People still make sequential decision processes.

Better Brain Imaging Could Show Computers a Smarter Way to Learn
Using cutting-edge imaging to study the inner workings of our brains could lead to more powerful and useful machine-learning algorithms.  by Will Knight  February 4, 2016 ... 

 ... A new $12 million dollar project at Carnegie Mellon University could make machine learning even more powerful by uncovering ways to teach computers more efficiently while using much less data.   The five-year effort will use a newish technique, called 2-photon calcium imaging microscopy, to study the way visual information is processed in the brain. ... "