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Friday, July 07, 2017

AI Revolution in Science

Well done and non-technical explanation of this in Science Mag.   Not about the automation of these capabilities, but the techniques that can be used to work with the vast amounts of data being gathered. Most every segment of science and industry is examining these methods to simplify their data.

The AI revolution in science   By Tim Appenzeller 

Big data has met its match. In field after field, the ability to collect data has exploded—in biology, with its burgeoning databases of genomes and proteins; in astronomy, with the petabytes flowing from sky surveys; in social science, tapping millions of posts and tweets that ricochet around the internet. The flood of data can overwhelm human insight and analysis, but the computing advances that helped deliver it have also conjured powerful new tools for making sense of it all. 

AI is changing how we do science. 

In a revolution that extends across much of science, researchers are unleashing artificial intelligence (AI), often in the form of artificial neural networks, on the data torrents. Unlike earlier attempts at AI, such “deep learning” systems don’t need to be programmed with a human expert’s knowledge. Instead, they learn on their own, often from large training data sets, until they can see patterns and spot anomalies in data sets that are far larger and messier than human beings can cope with. .... "

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